Glossary of special idioms


Aayata Acceptance. Adoption
Advaita Non-Dual
Agami/Agamy Karma Forthcoming Karma
Agni Fire
Anga, Amga Body
Anubhava Mantapa: Religious council found by Guru Basava, a platform for discussion of human values by Sharanas.
Apad dharma The duties of all during crisis
Aranyaka Parts of Vedas
Ashprushya Untouchable
Ashrama: Hindu stages of life (Brahmchartya, Grahasthya, Vanaprasthya and Sanyasa), the term is also used to refer to the place of residence of Rishis or Saints.
Astavarana: Eight coverings of Lingayath religion, Guru, Linga, Jangama, Vibhuti, Rudrakshi, Mantra, Padodaka and Prasada.
Atharva Veda First of four Veda
Atman Soul
Atmavimarsh Self-realization
Bhagavdgita Preaching to Arjuna by Sri Krishna at battle field of Mahabharata.
Bhakta Devotee.
Bhakti Devotion. A moment of devotion
Bhoga Enjoyment/Lust
Brahmana A superior most class of people under Hindu religion and Verna philosophy.
Chintamani A pearl, which is capable to give anything if think for it (comes in Purana)
Dalit Person belonging to the lower caste. Untouchable.
Dana Gift or alms
Dashooha Contributing the part of earning for the benefit of society.
Deekshe A religious ceremony by which a person is initiated into Lingayathism with a personal Linga which he can tie around his neck.
Deva Deity. God.
Devalaya Temple. worshipping place.
Dharma Mode of life or code of conduct.
Dharma-Shastra Scripture of religion,
Dvaita Dual doctrine about reality (creator).
Gayatri mantra popular hymn of Hinduism.
Gruhastha Family holder, married person
Guna Character, Quality.
Guru Priest, teacher, preceptor
Holageri A place outside the village meant for the stay of untouchables
Ikya Oneness with God. Union with god.
Indra Deity, one of trinity god.
Istalinga: Symbolic representation of God, unique identity of Lingayathism. The Istalinga is made up of light gray slate stone coated with fine durable thick black paste of cow dung ashes mixed with some suitable oil to withstand wear and tear. Sometime it is made up of ashes mixed with clarified butter. The coating is called Kanti (covering). Though the Ishtalinga is sometimes likened to be a miniature or an image of the Sthavaralinga, it is not so. The Ishtalinga is the symbol of GOD.
Itihasa History
Jadavastu immovable material
Jangama 1) A class of priests in Lingayathism dedicated themselves for the good of the society with whom the excess earnings are to be deposited by everyone 2) Knowledge.
Jivan Mukta One who has transcended material life, the person attained salvation while living.
Jivatma Individual self
Jnana Knowledge
Karana Sense
Karma Preordained life based upon the doings in the past life
Karmikamala Impurities of Physical body
Kayaka Doing one’s work with dedication and attain salvation
Kayaka Doing the work as divine duty, personal development and self bliss work and Dashooha
Kriya Action, Deed
Kshatriya Second superior category of people under Hindu religion who are warriors
Kudalasangama A place of meeting point of two rivers where Basaveshvara breathed his last.
Kudalasangamadeva Basaveshwara’s pen name, which he uses in his Vachanas.
Linga An oval shaped black stone symbolizing god Shiva used for worship.
Lingayat A person who wears Istalinga on his body and has become a member of the Lingayath. Acceptor of Istalinga willingly.
Lobha Lust
Mada Proud
Mahamane House of Basaweshwara and a center for all kinds of intellectual activities.
Mahesha Second stage of Astavarana. One among trinity god.
Mana Mind
Mantra Hymn, Chant.
Matsara Jealousy
Mayamala Impurities of Illusion
Mayavada Illusionism
Moha Delusion
Moksha Salvation.
Nandi Vehicle of Shiva
Omkara Prefix word of God generator, organizer and destroyer, used in almost hymns.
Paapa Sin
Padodaka Water with which legs of Sharanas is washed and used as very sacred water.
Panchachara Five code of conducts of practices at Lingayath religion. Lingachara, Sadachara, Shivachara, Ganachara Bhrutyachara.
Paramaatma Supreme soul (the super-self)
Parashiva Supreme reality
Pranalingi 4th Stage of Shatasthala of Lingayath religion
Prasada Food dedicated to the God. Grace of the god
Prasadi 3rd Stage of Shatsthala of Lingayath religion.
Punya Credit of good deeds
Purana Scriptures of past history which has moral ethics
Purusharthas Goals to be achieved by a Hindu through four mediums of moral deeds Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha
Purusharthas four Goals set to Hindu
Rudrakshi Instrument used meditation (Japa) and wear on body in the form of garland
Samarasya Union
Samsara Stage of family life. Worldly life
Samskaras Consecration
Sannihita A stage, in which devotee realize that God is within self and his every deed is for God only
Sanyasa Stage of Hermitage.
Shaktivishishtadvaita A special doctrine about the reality of Lingayath, different from all the others
Shaktivishishtadvaita Lingayathism Philosophy of individual, God and world Special no-Dualistic Philosophy propagated by Basaveshwara.
Sharana A male devotee of GOD, who has attained higher order by joining Lingayathism and surrendering himself to God.
Sharane A female devotee of GOD, who has attained higher order by joining Lingayathism and surrendering herself to God.
Shastra Divine document under Hindu culture.
Shatsthala Six avenues of attainment for a Lingayath
Shoodra Fourth and lowest category of people under Hindu religion, who are to do only menial jobs, untouchable.
Shunya Peetha A seat of presiding deity of Anubhava Mantapa, Allamaprabhu was first president.
Sthavaralinga A finely polished stone oval shaped with flat bottom, attached permanently to the ground in a temple, symbol of Lord Shiva.
Sutaka Impediment
Swayata State of mind in which an individual realize the soul through worship of Ishtalinga
Tanu body
Upanayana A religious ceremony among Brahmins, which is also known as thread ceremony, where under a Brahmin boy, is religiously inducted by putting a thread on his body.
Upanishad Scriptures which define Vedas in better understand way and with instances.
Vachana A special type of literature, Poetical verses as oath of very high moralities, basic literature of Lingayath Religion, written in simple Kannada language, formulated by various Sharanas and Sharanes on their own experience knowledge (Anubhava)
Vahana Vehicle
Vaishnavism Cult of followers of Vishnu
Vaishya Third category of people under Hindu religion who do business and trading.
Varna Class status of a Hindu.
Varnashrama Classification of human beings into four categories of Brahmana, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra under Hindu religion.
Varuna God of rain
Vasudaivakutumbakam Entire world is one family – a concept of Hindu religion.
Vayu Air
Veda Basic and ancient scripture of Hinduism.
Veerakta A person in state of celibacy, a unique category created after the life time Guru Basaveshvara, higher then devotee and lesser then the modified Guru.
Veerashaiva A sect which was existing before Basaveshvara. Derived from Shaivism.
Vibhuti Ash used to perform Puja
Vishistadvaita Special Doctrine of Lingayath, differ from all others.
Vishnu One of the three generator, organizer and destroyer, according to Hindu
Vishva Guru Universal preceptor, teacher
Vishwa Dharama Cosmopolitan religion
Yajna A ceremony of invoking God by fire.
Yajur Veda One if the four Veda’s of Hindu scripture
Yama the deity have responsibilities of distributing rewards as per deeds (of Hindu)
Yoga Union. Oneness. The medium of attainment of salvation through Hindu ethics.
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