NAVALINGA (nine Lingas): [ನವಲಿಂಗ]

Most of the Vachana-writers speak of six Lingas, namely (in the ascending order), Acāra-Linga, Guru-Linga, Shiva-linga, Jangama-Linga, Prasāda-Linga and Mahā-Linga, [ಅಚಾರ-ಲಿಂಗ, ಗುರು-ಲಿಂಗ, ಶಿವ-ಲಿಂಗ, ಜಂಗಮ-ಲಿಂಗ, ಪ್ರಸಾದ-ಲಿಂಗ ಮತ್ತು ಮಹಾ-ಲಿಂಗ] as residing, respectively, in mūlādhāra, svādhisthāna, maṇipūraka, anāhata, viśuddhi and ājñā cakras [ಮೂಲಾಧಾರ, ಸ್ವಾಧಿಷ್ಠಾನ, ಮಣಿಪೂರಕ, ಅನಾಹತ, ವಿಶುದ್ಧಿ ಮತ್ತು ಅಜ್ಞಾ ಚಕ್ರ ]. Some, however, add three more to the list, namely, Niṣkalalinga, Śūnyalinga and Nirañjanalinga [ನಿಷ್ಕಲಲಿಂಗ, ಶೂನ್ಯಲಿಂಗ, ಮತ್ತು ನಿರಂಜನಲಿಂಗ] believed to be residing, respectively, in brahma-cakra, śikhā-cakra and paścima-cakra [ಬ್ರಹ್ಮ ಚಕ್ರ, ಶಿಖಾ ಚಕ್ರ ಮತ್ತು ಪಶ್ಚಿಮ ಚಕ್ರ] in the head.

NAVAVIDHA BHAKTI (NINEFOLD DEVOTION): [ನವವಿಧ ಭಕ್ತಿ]

The aspirant in the primary stage of his spiritual course follows diligently and loyally the instructions given by the guru without knowing their meaning or purpose. His devotion should have nine aspects.

1. Śravana-bhakti: śravana-bhakti [ಶ್ರವಣ ಭಕ್ತಿ] is a form of devotion that is expressed by listening (śravana) to spiritual discourses, stories and mythologies about great devotees and saints.

2. Kīrtana-bhakti [ಕೀರ್ತನ ಭಕ್ತಿ]is singing (kīrtana) the songs devotedly about the greatness of Parashiva or his devotees.

3. Smarana-bakthi [ಸ್ಮರಣ ಭಕ್ತಿ] is devotion, which consists in remembering (smarana) Parashiva either by uttering mantras or by silently contemplating.

4. Sēvana-bakthi [ಸೇವನ ಭಕ್ತಿ] is serving (sēvana) the great people who are spiritually advanced in an humble manner in order to emulate them.

5. Pūja-bhakti [ಪೂಜಾ ಭಕ್ತಿ] is worship (pūja) (of Ishtalinga).

6. Vandana [ವಂದನ] (being grateful) is preparing oneself mentally for the surrendering everything to Parashiva in course of time.

7. Dasya [ದಾಸ್ಯ](servitude) is the firm conviction that Parashiva is using devotee's personality as his vehicle, such that Parashiva is the real agent and enjoyer of all that the devotee does and experiences. Just as a servant thinks that whatever he does is for his master, so also the devotee thinks whatever he does is for his supreme master, Parashiva. Such a devotee regards himself a servant of Parashiva.

8. Sakhya [ಸಖ್ಯ] (companionship) is a form of devotion, which consists in the devotee's unselfish desire to be eternally in the company of Parashiva.

9. Atmarpaṇa: [ಆತ್ಮಾರ್ಪಣ]Surrendering everything including one’s own self to Parashiva and claiming no responsibility for whatever is done is the ultimate form of devotion.

NIRAÑJANA (blemishless): [ನಿರಂಜನ]

This word normally refers to Parashiva, since he alone is without any blemish. Just as smoke, dust, clouds, etc., which exist in the sky, cannot pollute it, so also the many defective and wicked beings, which exist in Parashiva, cannot pollute him.

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