The Philosophy of Lord Basava

- Ramjan Darga


Guru Basava's Philosophy

* Spiritual Materialism.
* One Invisible God, One Universe, Single Humankind.
* Equality thorough Kayaka , PRASADA and DASOHA.
* ISHTALINGA is the symbol of Universe, which is against all evils.
* Gender, Class and Racial discriminations are great evils.
* Everything is the product of 5 elements of Nature.
* Nothing is greater than anything. None is superior to another.
* One who wears ISHTALINGA should challenge all discriminations.
* A SHARANA is one who is never afraid of anything or anyone in fighting for justice, who lives by carrying out his Kayaka and who decides that the returns he obtains from his Kayaka are meant for him, his family and the society which are organic parts of his life.
* JANGAMALINGA is the God in the form of egalitarian society.
* ANUBHAAVA is the metaphysical experience. ANUBHAVA is the physical (material) experience. Metaphysical or Spiritual experience is based on the physical (material) world. Spiritualism is not out of Materialism.
* ARIVU is an outcome of spiritual experience. ARIVU means conscience.
* PRAJNA is an out-come of material experience. PRAJNA means consciousness.
* ARIVE Guru means “conscience (ARIVU) is our Master ( Guru )”. Guru is the guiding force inside us in the form of conscience. The origin of the Guru (conscience) is God. ARIVU, Guru and God are different forms of Conscience. There is no God without conscience. There is no conscience without energy (spirit) and matter.
* No MOKSHA (No Salvation after death)
* Salvation is also an illusion like Hell, Haven, Sin and Religious Merit.
* These are all products of Karma theory. Karma is the result of our so called previous births. We get fortunate or unfortunate life according to the result of our so called Karma. )

LORD BASAVA of 12th century taught the World, about the importance of Enlightenment, Work Culture, Democracy, Human Rights, Gender and Racial equality to form an egalitarian Society. He was a great thinker who formed a Model Classless Society and called it “SHARANA SANKULA”. SHARANA SANKULA was a society of the people, who denied gender, caste, racial and class discriminations. SHARANAS were the pious people. Most of them were from working class and from lower strata of the society. They believed that God is in our duties and in our body in the form of conscience. There should not be any kind of discrimination among different types of works. There should be an equal respect for a Prime Minister and a Cobbler. A Prime Minister must perform his duties